Hello…. Sunday, Jan 2 2011 

Its been a long time since my last post..hope you guys can wait, i will try to upload many other informations later on..


Negaraku. Monday, Mar 29 2010 

Varsiti Kita. Monday, Mar 29 2010 

Concordance and ICT. Monday, Mar 22 2010 

For this posting,we are required to:

This week final posting as below Discuss what is concordance in one paragraph and provide 1 url of a concordancer Answer these questions:

1.Do you think that computer can assist you to become a better language learner Yes elaborate why No elaborat why

2.How effective is blogging in assisting you in the followings, confidence in writing, confidence in publishing your work, getting ideas to write, improving your writing skills

3.If you are going to use computer to teach language one day which language learning website will you recommend? Elaborate why do you recommend that website.If you dont have any recommendation and would like to develop your own website explain what, why and how.

What is concordance?

Concordance can brings many related meanings such as, an agreement; concord, an alphabetical index of all the words in a text or corpus of texts, showing every contextual occurrence of a word: a concordance of Shakespeare’s works.Concordance also can be define as alphabetical list of the chief words used in a book or by a writer, with the passages in which they occur identified or cited.




Do I think that computer can assist you to become a better language learner?

For me the answer is yes!!,why because as we live in a globalization day,full of technology maybe it is not too much if i say that learning through computer or website is more interesting more interactive than conventional learning methods.

Besides that learning through computer also is much more cheaper than hiring a teacher or attending tuition classes.Through computer also is much more interactive by quiz online,trivia and you can get your answer immediately compare to conventional learning methods.

How  blogging can assisting me in building confidence in writing, confidence in publishing my work and getting ideas to write.

1.Building confidence in writing:

Honestly…blogging really build up my confidence in writing.When i’m posted something in my blog i can feel that i’m indirectly improved my confidence in writing.I am free to write anything that i want to.At the same time blogging also can indirectly improved our grammar.

2.Confidence in publishing my work.

In my opinion,everytime i published my post it does really improved my confidence in publishing my work.If at the very first time i’m doing it,it feels quite awkward….but now i’m almost can say anything that comes into my mind to my blog.I think it just a natural way of learning like people says “practice makes perfect”.

3.Getting ideas to write.

Hahaha….this one is very tricky.Because at first when i’m started to do my blog,i want it to be a formal,full of informations and interactive blog.But now i just like it to be more informal so people can visit my blog without feeling boring.I’m also very lucky to do this blog because the more i write,the ideas that comes into my mind.

Some informations in my blog also are usefull in my other subject like “ICT for social sciences” at the faculty.

4.Improving my writing skills.

Writing is a skill and it can be improved.

How blog can improved my writng skills?I need to asked these questions to my self.

  • Why do I need to learn/improve English?
  • What skills do I need to learn/improve? (Reading/Writing/Listening/Speaking)
  • Do I have a plan or learning strategy?

As for me,I think blog is just a tool or a way how to improved our writing skills,what is more important is……….it starts with you!!

URL that i suggested.


Why I choose this website?

  • First….because I think its almost complete!!.
  • It has many topics to dicuss,activities and also exercises and tests.
  • This website is suitable for any level of English user.
  • Of course learning online is more fun.

1 Nita project. Friday, Mar 19 2010 

Capture from 1nita website.


Link to 1nita’s website.


Online English learning test. Tuesday, Mar 16 2010 

For this posting we are required to:

Read computerized testing page 299 Online Language Proficiency Assesment in Online Teaching and learning in ELT (OTL).Explain the advantages and disadvantages of online language testing in your blog as posting no 5.

We are also required to read on the use of Communication tools to promote hybrid Learning page 148 in OTL.

Summary for page 299 in OLT:

In the era of globalization,English is associated with leading the technological,economic and scientific edge.The rapid growth of innovations in IT (Information Technology) has spread English language as an international language for global communication.

The advantages of online language test:

1.The word ‘online’ itself shows the advantage of online test.It tell us that you can take the test anywhere,everywhere,anytime as long as you got internet connection.

2.Time indicator.If you are doing online test you will know exactly how much time left for you to complete the questions.

3.Proctors can register to administer the online exam right from their computer.

4.Access exam results instantly.

5.Upon completion of the exam, examinees are notified whether or not they passed the exam.

Advantages for examinees:

1.Examinees may take a practice exam online.

2.Examinees can review selected questions before completing

3.Examinees know immediately if they pass the exam.

Disadvantages of online language test:

1.The most common disadvantages are computer glitches, errors in content, and security lapses.

2.Time indicator=some online test don’t have a time indicator that allows you to cheat.That is something that you can’t do in the conventional test.Sometimes the time given is too long and sometimes too short.

3.For the third one is technicalities.To do an online test you will need to have a computer and internet connection.You also need to have a good typing skills to make sure you can finish your online test based on the time given.

4.Accuracy of the test.Some online test is not reliable,it is because we don’t know what is the sources of the questions.

5.Analysis of mistakes.Most online test only give us the answers without the analysis.Analysis of mistakes is very important to know what is our mistake and way to improve it.

Analysis of the URL’s.

The first URL is


In this URL,it give us simple basic english test.It has many advantages based on my opinion.It has variety o English questions everytime you refresh the page.So it means that you will not answering the same questions everytime you enter this page.

The Pearl (Analysis) Sunday, Mar 14 2010 

John Steinbeck’s background.


John Steinbeck

John Steinbeck (1902-1968), born in Salinas, California, came from a family of moderate means. He worked his way through college at Stanford University but never graduated. In 1925 he went to New York, where he tried for a few years to establish himself as a free-lance writer, but he failed and returned to California. After publishing some novels and short stories, Steinbeck first became widely known with Tortilla Flat (1935), a series of humorous stories about Monterey paisanos.

Steinbeck’s novels can all be classified as social novels dealing with the economic problems of rural labour, but there is also a streak of worship of the soil in his books, which does not always agree with his matter-of-fact sociological approach. After the rough and earthy humour of Tortilla Flat, he moved on to more serious fiction, often aggressive in its social criticism, to In Dubious Battle (1936), which deals with the strikes of the migratory fruit pickers on California plantations. This was followed by Of Mice and Men (1937), the story of the imbecile giant Lennie, and a series of admirable short stories collected in the volume The Long Valley (1938). In 1939 he published what is considered his best work, The Grapes of Wrath, the story of Oklahoma tenant farmers who, unable to earn a living from the land, moved to California where they became migratory workers.

Among his later works should be mentioned East of Eden (1952), The Winter of Our Discontent (1961), and Travels with Charley (1962), a travelogue in which Steinbeck wrote about his impressions during a three-month tour in a truck that led him through forty American states. He died in New York City in 1968.

The first URL that can teach us literature in ‘The Pearl’ is:


Summary of the URL:

In this URL it give us all the informations that we want about the pearl such as introduction,summary,themes,style,hystorical context,critical overview,character analysis,essays and critism,compare and contrast and also pictures.

Objective of the URL:

I think the objective of the URL is to give more understanding especially for the students who currently studying about this famous cerpen (short story).It is because it include all the informations such as summary,themes and its style.Besides that,this URL also include sections for question and answer,groups,documents,teachers,college and referrence that can help students to do their analysis.

Target group:

In my opinion the target group for this URL is more suitable for students.It is because the section in this URL like question and answer is more likely for the students.This URL also can help teachers to make it as teaching tools.

The second URL that can teach us literature in ‘the pearl’ is:


Summary of the URL:

What i can say this second URL is much better or complete compare to the first URL above.It contains table of contents,introduction,overview,author biography,plot summary,chapter summaries,literary qualities,themes,style and many more.Based on my observation also,this URL is made more for high school,or university students.It is because the content in the website is very complete and full of the informations that they need as a students.

Target group:

In my opinion,This URL is targetting high level,high school or university students.It is because the the informations or the studies that they done in the website is more complicated and from different and multi aspect.

In my opinion:

Does website can improve our English literature?in my opinion i don’t think so,because most of the website that i have surfed before it just include the summary,themes or maybe styles but i don’t think it can improved our literature because most of the informations in the website is in summary and don’t really teach us how to improve our English literature.Besides that most of the informations in the website is too simple.


Short for computer-mediated communication. CMC refers to human communication via computers and includes many different forms of synchronous, asynchronous or real time interaction that humans have with each other using computers as tools to exchange text, images, audio and video. CMC includes e-mail, network communication,instant messaging, text messaging,hypertext,distance learning,internet forums,USENET Newsgroupbulletin boards, online shopping, distribution lists and videoconferrencing.

Computer-Mediated Communication (CMC) is defined as any communicative transaction that occurs through the use of two or more networked computers.Research on CMC focuses largely on the social effects of different computer-supported communication technologies. Many recent studies involve Internet-based social networking supported by social software.The way humans communicate in professional, social, and educational settings varies widely, depending upon not only the environment but also the method of communication in which the communication occurs (which, in this case, is through computers or other ICTs).


CMC is examined and compared to other communication media through a number of aspects thought to be universal to all forms of communication, including (but not limited to) synchronicity,persistence or “recordability”, and anonymity. The association of these aspects with different forms of communication varies widely. For example, instant messaging is intrinsically synchronous but not persistent, since one loses all the content when one closes the dialog box unless one has a message log set up or has manually copy-pasted the conversation. E-mail and message boards, on the other hand, are low in synchronicity since response time varies, but high in persistence since messages sent and received are saved. Properties that separate CMC from other media also include transience, its multimodal nature, and its relative lack of governing codes of conduct.CMC is able to overcome physical and social limitations of other forms of communication and therefore allow the interaction of people who are not physically sharing the same space.

2/3/2010 lab task. Friday, Mar 5 2010 

Just for your information,this is just my lab task.So please do not call or contact this number to buy the product.Thank you..

What is Netspeak? Monday, Mar 1 2010 

Netspeak is the name that has been given to the long list of acronyms and smiley faces that have evolved with the internet.

Netspeak is a Web service which assists authors in writing English texts. Writing is an everyday task and sometimes everyone finds it difficult to put something into the right words, e.g., if one misses a word or wonders which wording is more common. In such and similar cases Netspeak offers help: the customariness of a wording in written language can be determined, and alternative wordings can be retrieved.

Examples of Netspeak:

Linguistically, the most interesting feature of Netspeak is its morphology. Acronyms and abbreviations make up a large part of Net jargon. FAQ (Frequently Asked Question), MUD (Multi-User-Dungeon), and URL (Uniform Resource Locator) are some of the most frequently seen TLAs (Three Letter Acronyms) on the Internet. General abbreviations abound as well, in more friendly and conversationally conducive forms, such as TIA (Thanks In Advance), BRB (Be Right Back), BTW (By The Way), and IMHO (In My Humble Opinion.) These abbreviations can be baffling to new users, and speaking in abbreviations takes some getting used to. Once users are used to them, though, such abbreviations are a nice and easy way of expediting communication.

David Crystal’s analysis.

Language and the Internet (second edition) presents an updated description
of how the Internet is affecting the way in which people use language. It
covers a wide range of Internet genres, including e-mails, chatgroups,
virtual worlds, the Web, instant messaging, and blogging. In this book
David Crystal argues that the appearance of ”Netspeak” should not be
considered as a challenge or even threat to standard usages. Instead, the
Internet has created growth in the variety and creativity of language use.

In Chapter 1, David Crystal points out the aim of this book: to explore the
ways in which the Internet medium is having an effect on language. Crystal
first briefly discusses the aspects in which language varies, then
describes commonly seen Internet situations, and finally introduces the
term ”Netspeak”. Very importantly, Crystal notes that ”salient features of
Netspeak … have already begun to be used outside of the situation of
computer-mediated communication, even though the medium has become
available to most people only in the past decade or so” (pp. 20-1).

In Chapter 2, the medium of Netspeak, David Crystal first looks at the
differences between speech and writing and consequently compares ”Netspeak”
with speaking and writing respectively. In so doing, Crystal concludes that
”on the whole, Netspeak is better seen as written language which has been
pulled some way in the direction of speech than spoken language which has
been written down” (pp. 51). Crystal calls it a ”third medium” (pp. 52),
given that it is not simply a collective of spoken and written language. In
this chapter Crystal also discusses ”Netspeak” maxims in light of the
maxims of conversations proposed by the philosopher H. P. Grice.

In Chapter 3, finding an identity, David Crystal first presents the Wired
style’s ten usage principles after Hale and Scanlon (1999), which are 1)
The medium matters, 2) Play with voice, 3) Flaunt your subcultural
literacy, 4) Transcend the technical, 5) Capture the colloquial, 6)
Anticipate the future, 7) Be irreverent, 8) Brave the new world of new
media, 9) Go global, and 10) Play with dots and dashes and slashes. In the
following, Crystal describes some distinctive linguistic features of
”Netspeak”, for example, its unique spelling and punctuation usages.
Crystal observes that up until this stage the most distinctive features of
”Netspeak” are still located in its lexicon and graphology, while unique
grammatical features are much less frequent.

In Chapters 4-8, David Crystal examines in detail the language used in six
different Internet situations, namely, emails (Chapter 4), chatgroups
(Chapter 5), virtual worlds (Chapter 6), the web (Chapter 7), and blogging
and instant messaging (Chapter 8), given that ”Netspeak is a complex and
mixed-message scenario, which can really only be understood by a detailed
consideration of the individual Internet situations” (pp. 98).

In each case, Crystal has discovered ”clear signs of the emergence of a
distinctive variety of language, with characteristics closely related to
the properties of its technological context as well as to the intentions,
activities, and (to some extent) personalities of the users” (pp. 258). In
these five chapters, Crystal not only explores the linguistics of different
Internet genres but also how each Internet situation actually works. In
this sense, these chapters partly serve as a manual to Internet novices.

In Chapter 9, the linguistic future of the Internet, David Crystal argues
that a new communication technology inevitably has linguistic consequences.
Furthermore, language serves as an index of social change and the arrival
of the Internet as a means of communication definitively qualifies as a
radical social change. Both factors point to potential changes in the way
in which people use their language. Crystal also remarks that research into
Internet language is still in its early stages. Given that ”Netspeak is a
development of millennial significance” (pp. 272) and that ”a new medium of
linguistic communication does not arrive very often, in the history of the
race” (pp. 272), continuous and larger-scale investigation into Internet
language is strongly called for.

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